Understanding Acne

Acne is a common skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become blocked. Sebum, an oil that helps keep skin from drying out, and dead skin cells can clog pores.

This causes inflammation which is characterized by the appearance of small lumps which are sometimes filled with pus on the skin.

This skin disorder can occur in parts of the body with the most oil glands, namely the face, neck, upper chest and back. These lumps are called acne.

Causes of Acne

Several conditions that trigger the emergence of this condition include:

  • Excessive production of sebum, which is a substance produced by oil glands to prevent dry skin.
  • Blockage of hair follicles by a mixture of dead skin cells and sebum.
  • Propionibacterium acnes bacteria that grow, clog hair follicles and cause inflammation.
  • Genetic or hereditary factors. You can experience this if one of your parents has acne problems.
  • Blocked follicles can swell and form whiteheads or blackheads if exposed to outside air. This condition should not be taken lightly. Because, it can develop into pustules, papules, nodules, or even cysts, if contaminated by skin bacteria.
  • Hormones, namely when there is excessive androgen hormone activity or when hormonal changes occur during menstruation.
  • The use of cosmetics is not always suitable for everyone’s skin.
  • Stress affects a person’s lifestyle, including diet, which can trigger acne.

Acne Risk Factors

The emergence of this problem can also be influenced by the following risk factors:

  • Skin friction with objects, for example acne on the face due to wearing a head covering too often, acne on the neck due to wearing clothes that are too tight at the collar, or acne on the back due to frequently using a backpack.
  • Smoking habit.
  • Heredity, if there are family members who have problems with this skin problem.
  • Take medications containing lithium, corticosteroids, or anti-seizure medications.
  • Puberty occurs due to increased activity of the testosterone hormone which triggers the oil glands to produce sebum in greater amounts.
    Cosmetic use.
  • Hormonal changes, for example before menstruation, the first three months of pregnancy, or due to PCOS .
  • Stress, has the potential to worsen existing conditions.

Apart from the risk factors above, be careful, this can trigger the appearance of acne on the face .

Acne Symptoms

The characteristics of acne are the appearance of several general symptoms, such as:

  • The lump is reddish or yellow (because it contains pus).
  • Small bumps (papules) that appear on the skin.
  • A hot or burning sensation due to inflammation.
  • There is an itchy feeling on the lump.

This condition is also prone to inflammation if you touch it frequently or even break it by force.

Conditions that experience inflammation are prone to the following conditions:

  • Pustules, which are small lumps that have pus at the end.
  • Papules, which are small reddish lumps that feel painful.
  • Nodules , which are hard lumps that form under the surface of the skin and can be painful.
  • Cysts, which are large lumps that form under the surface of the skin, are filled with pus and are painful.

Acne Diagnosis

There is no special examination to confirm acne. To diagnose acne, a dermatologist will perform a physical examination. It involves examining the face, chest, or back for various types of acne. Examples include blackheads or painful red nodules.

The doctor will also ask about your health condition, menstrual cycle, and habits that you often do. The doctor will also ask about the type and diet you follow.

This examination aims to determine the level of severity, both in terms of amount and level of inflammation. The severity of acne can be divided into:

  • Mild, mostly whiteheads and blackheads, with a few papules and pustules.
  • Moderate, whiteheads and blackheads are more extensive, with many papules and pustules.
  • Severe, many large and painful papules, pustules, nodules or cysts; You may also have some scar tissue.

If the acne you are experiencing is mild, usually the doctor will immediately provide appropriate treatment. However, if the condition is moderate to severe, further examination can be carried out.

The doctor can take a sample to determine the cause of the acne. Apart from that, imaging tests can also be done if the doctor indicates the presence of a cyst or tumor.

Acne Treatment

There are several steps you can take to cure acne, including:

Reduce oil production.
Fights bacterial infections.
Accelerates skin cell turnover and reduces inflammation.

To get the right treatment, first discuss the skin problem with a dermatologist via the Halodoc application.✔️

These medical experts generally prescribe drugs containing sulfur, resorcinol, salicylic acid, antibiotics and isotretinoin.

The use of medication must be under the supervision of a doctor, because side effects can occur.

Pregnant women should also not use isotretinoin, because it can cause defects in the fetus.

Some other efforts you can take to treat acne include:

  • Clean cosmetic equipment using soap and warm water regularly.
  • Choose non-comedogenic cosmetics , which do not close the pores on the skin.
  • Use a non-comedogenic moisturizer , which cannot cause acne and is suitable for your skin type.
  • Avoid squeezing and holding pimples, because they can make them multiply.
  • Avoid rubbing your face using cloth or gloves with a rough surface.
  • Maintain body hygiene by showering immediately after activities,
  • because excess oil on the face can trigger acne.
  • Maintain facial cleanliness by cleansing your face twice a day, to remove dead skin cells, excess oil, and remaining cosmetics on the surface of the skin.

Acne Complications

The following are some acne complications that are at risk of occurring, namely:

1. Acne scars

The most common complication is scarring or acne scars, also known as pockmarks.

Any type of acne can cause scarring, but it occurs more often when the most severe types (nodules and cysts) burst and damage the surrounding skin.

There are three main types of acne scars that can occur as complications, namely:

  • Ice pick scars , the smallest type of pockmark, are less than 2 millimeters in diameter. However, this scar is quite deep and concave with a shape resembling the letter “V”.
  • Rolling scars occur due to scar tissue that forms under the skin, making the surface of the skin appear rolled and uneven.
  • Boxcar scars , round or oval depressions, or craters in the skin.

If you experience the complications above, here are some tips to overcome them: Here’s How to Get Rid of Blackened Acne Scars .

2. Changes in skin color

Acne can also cause discoloration of the skin. When inflamed acne has improved, this condition can cause a darker to lighter skin color.

3. Skin infections

It’s best to avoid the habit of squeezing pimples. This habit can trigger skin infections. Popping and squeezing pimples makes it easier for bacteria and germs to enter the skin. This condition can cause severe inflammation and infection.

How to Prevent Acne

There are several tips you can try to prevent this skin problem from occurring, namely:

1. Clean your face regularly

Acne can appear anywhere, but acne more often appears on the face. So, to prevent this, you can regularly clean or wash your face properly.

Make sure you use a cleanser that is sulfate-free and fragrance-free. The most important thing, don’t wash your face too often. Clean your face twice a day.

2. Hydrate your body well

When the body is dehydrated, this condition can signal the oil glands to produce excess oil. Dehydration can also cause skin to become duller.

To keep your body well hydrated, make sure you drink water at least eight times a day. It is best to consume more water after exercising, during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and in a hot environment.

3. Limit the use of facial makeup

Using makeup or facial makeup is very appropriate for making your face fresher. However, limit use and know the contents contained in it.

Excessive use of facial makeup can clog pores, causing acne to appear. If you have acne, you should limit the use of make up temporarily to prevent inflammation.

4. Avoid touching your face carelessly

Sometimes you accidentally touch your face using hands that are still dirty. It’s best to avoid this habit from now on and always keep your hands clean.

Dirty hands can be a way for germs or bacteria to reach the face. This can increase the risk of acne appearing on facial skin.

5. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight

Too frequent direct exposure to sunlight can make the skin dehydrated. This condition can cause the skin to produce excess oil and clog pores. This condition can trigger the appearance of acne.

6. Be careful in choosing the shampoo product you use

The use of shampoo products can also have an impact on the facial susceptibility to acne. Why is that? Using perfume, oil, pomade, or gel on your hair, if it gets on your face, can clog your skin pores and irritate it.

Use gentle shampoo and conditioner. Oily hair can also add oil to your face. If you have long hair, make sure it doesn’t touch your face.

7. Healthy eating patterns

What you eat will affect your skin health. Avoid oily food and junk food . Instead, add fresh fruit, vegetables and whole grains to your daily diet. Dairy products and foods high in processed sugar can trigger acne.

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How to Make White Skin with Natural Methods and Ingredients

How to Make White Skin with Natural Methods and Ingredients

How to Make White Skin with Natural Methods and Ingredients – Dull skin can be caused by a buildup of dead skin cells, dehydration or dry skin, dead skin cells, or lack of moisture. Therefore, to deal with dull skin, ordinary women will use skin brightening products. Currently, white and bright skin is a dream for women, especially in Indonesia. Apart from using brightening products, there are also ways to make your skin white naturally using ingredients that we can easily find around us.

How to make skin white naturally can be done in several ways. However, this method also requires patience and persistence. So, whitening the skin cannot be done quickly. We can only apply several ways to make skin white naturally. Once you have white and bright skin, we just need to take care of it so that it doesn’t become dull and dark again.

There may be some brightening or whitening products that offer instant results, but they usually contain ingredients that are harmful to the skin. Therefore, the natural way to make your skin white is believed to be safer than instant brightening products because natural ingredients only provide minimal side effects.

How to Make White Skin Naturally

It needs to be understood, basically there are several things that determine a person’s skin color, such as genetics and exposure to sunlight. However, if you want a way to make your skin appear whiter permanently and without any side effects. There are several simple and natural ways that can be done at home.

As we discussed above, most Indonesians are very obsessed with white skin. Therefore, quite a few people are looking for a way to make it permanent and without any side effects. Natural skin color also depends on a substance called melanin pigment, which is a substance produced by melanocytes in skin cells and plays a major role in determining a person’s skin color to appear darker. If you are curious about how to make your skin white naturally, here are several ways to make your skin white naturally, including:

1. Eat nutritious foods

The first and most important factor that can determine healthy and radiant skin is food intake. Make sure to always consume vegetables, fruit and low-fat dairy products in your daily diet so that your skin glows from within. Avoid fried foods, packaged foods, spicy foods, processed foods which can make your skin look dull and unhealthy. In fact, these unhealthy foods can also cause the sudden appearance of acne, pimples and blisters on the skin.

2. Drink enough water

Dermatologists reveal that nothing works like water in keeping skin bright and healthy. Therefore, drink at least 8 glasses of water every day to remove toxins from the body. Because, it will also keep your body hydrated and give a natural glow to your skin. Apart from that, also consume fresh fruit such as apples, bananas and fruit milkshakes to help get whiter and brighter skin color.

3. Get enough sleep and rest

Not only do you drink enough water, but you will also get a brighter skin color by getting enough sleep and rest. Make sure to sleep well for 8 hours to avoid dull skin, acne, dark circles under the eyes, and dark skin. Also make sure to lie on cleaner sheets and pillowcases to avoid various skin problems.

4. Do a Regular Detox Cleanse

A healthy morning schedule is very important to maintain bright and clean skin. Drinking a glass of warm water with a little lemon juice and also a little honey on an empty stomach will work well in purifying the liver, cleansing the bloodstream, kidneys, urinary tract from harmful toxins, etc. Additionally, the antioxidant vitamin C in lemon and also the antimicrobial properties of honey promote flawless, soft, and radiant skin.

5. Get a Relaxing Oil Massage

Get a full body massage to help unwind after a stressful month at work. Because, massage will help loosen tight knots in the shoulder and back muscles and help relieve tension in the facial muscles. Ultimately, it will improve blood circulation and nutrition, stimulating collagen production for the formation of new, smooth skin cells and tissue for a natural, fresh glow.

6. Eat lots of fruit high in vitamin C

Vitamin C will work by increasing collagen production so that the skin is firm and radiant. A study also revealed that using skincare products containing vitamin C for 12 weeks can delay the symptoms of premature aging. This vitamin has been proven to reduce wrinkles, prevent skin damage, and also increase collagen production which can support skin tissue. Apart from that, the skin can also get these benefits by consuming papaya, oranges, guava and mango.

7. Protects skin from sunlight

If you want healthy and radiant skin, don’t leave your skin exposed to sunlight for too long. Because exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun can cause dull skin and make the skin tone uneven. Therefore, always protect your skin by applying sunscreen products or sunscreen containing SPF 30 every time you leave the house. Use sunscreen on the parts of your face and arms that are more often exposed to sunlight.

8. Exercise regularly

Exercise can increase the heart’s ability to pump blood throughout the body, including skin tissue. Skin that receives sufficient oxygen and nutrients will look healthier, moisturized and brighter. You can get these benefits simply by doing light exercise. The best sports for the skin include walking, jogging, swimming and cycling. Do this routine at least three days a week to get results.

9. Eat Foods That Contain Lots of Vitamins

Skin needs lots of nutrients and antioxidants to maintain its shape and function, ward off free radicals, and also produce collagen. Vitamin B, vitamin C, and vitamin E are also several types of vitamins that are very good for the skin. You can get all the nutrients from healthy foods in the form of fruit, vegetables and nuts. Some examples of the best foods for skin include:

– tomatoes,
– carrots,
– green vegetables,
– honey,
– grapes,
– avocado,
– olive oil, and
– almonds.

10. Maintain a balanced and healthy diet

What we eat will affect the condition of the skin. Therefore, it is important to adopt a healthy and balanced diet so that your skin remains healthy. Avoid excessive consumption of sweet, oily and spicy foods. It is better to consume foods that contain lots of vitamins C, E, omega fatty acids, and also carotenoids.

How to Make White Skin with Natural Ingredients

Various natural ingredients are believed to help whiten the skin. The following are some natural ingredients that you can try, including:

1. Turmeric

Turmeric is a kitchen spice that has been used since ancient times as a mixture for scrubs or masks to brighten the skin. In fact, the curcumin content in turmeric has a brightening effect, especially on skin that experiences hyperpigmentation. To get skin that looks whiter, mix grated turmeric with honey and yogurt, then apply as a mask. For maximum bright skin, you can use this turmeric mask at least 4 times a week.

2. Soybeans

The isoflavones contained in soybeans have brightening, anti-aging, and antioxidant effects. In addition, soybeans can also protect the skin from dullness and also damage due to exposure to UVB rays from the sun. A study revealed that the use of a facial moisturizer containing soy extract for 12 weeks is beneficial to even out skin tone, fade black spots, and fine lines, as well as improve skin texture.

As a way to make white skin naturally, you can mash or blender the soybeans until smooth. Then, mix a little water to form a paste. Apply soybean paste to the skin, then let it sit for a few minutes, then rinse until clean.

3. Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid which can reduce black spots and soothe acne. How to make your skin white naturally using apple cider vinegar can be done regularly, namely 1 to 2 times a day. To do this, dilute apple cider vinegar using water in a 1:1 ratio. After that, apply the solution to the skin, then let it sit for 2 to 3 minutes, then rinse.

4. Green Tea

ECGC or Epigallo-catecchin-3-gallate is one of the active substances in green tea. This substance has antioxidant properties and has the ability to brighten the skin. A study shows that green tea extract can treat melasma or black spots on the face. Apart from that, green tea can also help overcome DNA damage due to exposure to UV rays, prevent premature aging, redness, and also moisturize the skin.

How to make skin white naturally using green tea can be done by processing it into a mask. Mix one tablespoon of green tea powder with one tablespoon of honey and one tablespoon of granulated sugar. Then, apply the mask all over your face, leave it for 10 to 15 minutes, then rinse.

5. Aloe Vera

Aloe vera contains aloin, a compound that can make skin white by inhibiting the formation of melanin. To whiten your skin naturally, you can apply pure aloe vera gel before going to bed. Then rinse using warm water the next day.

6. Olive Oil

The next way you can do this is by using olive oil. Apart from being good for body health, olive oil is also useful for making skin look brighter. This is because olive oil can remove layers of dead skin. Not only that, olive oil can also moisturize the skin so that the skin doesn’t look dull and dry.

How to Make White Skin with a Skincare Routine

The benefits of changing your lifestyle will be maximized if it is accompanied by a skincare routine. The following are several things related to the routine use of skincare products that can help overcome dull skin.

1. Take a shower and wash your face diligently

One of the causes of skin looking dull is clogged pores. So you have to keep your skin clean by showering at least once a day and washing your face twice a day. These activities can help prevent clogged pores due to oil and dirt. When showering or washing your face, choose a cleansing soap that suits your skin type. Use soap that is gentle and has minimal chemical additives so that your skin doesn’t dry out.

2. Using moisturizer

Moisturizer is an important requirement for getting brighter skin. Use moisturizer within 2 to 3 minutes after showering and washing your face so that the ingredients in it can immediately absorb into the skin. Apart from that, make sure you choose a moisturizer that suits your skin type. In fact, if your skin is oily, you should still use moisturizer. However, of course you need to choose a special moisturizer for oily skin that doesn’t clog pores. Choose a moisturizer that contains xylitol which can increase skin moisture and brightness.

3. Using products that contain vitamin C

Vitamin C can help prevent skin aging and disguise black and brown spots on the skin. Apart from that, this vitamin can also reduce excess melanin production which may worsen dull skin problems in some people. So don’t forget to add vitamin C to your skincare routine. Choose products with high vitamin C content and use them regularly to get optimal results.

Regular use of an appropriate moisturizer and facial serum can provide optimal results. Apart from being able to moisturize, the formula in this skincare series which contains niacinamide can help brighten the skin and reduce dark spots.

4. Use Kojic Acid

Many people use a method to make their skin white by using kojic acid. This compound is usually used as a skin lightening agent because it can inhibit the function of certain enzymes needed for the formation of melanin. You can find kojic acid in various products, including masks and facial cleansers. In general, it takes 2 to 6 weeks to see the effect on dull skin.

5. Exfoliate regularly

Exfoliation is a very important element in brightening the skin. By exfoliating regularly, it can remove layers of dead skin cells that make skin look dull and dry. You can exfoliate in two ways, namely mechanically using a scrub or chemically using a toner containing AHA and BHA. Exfoliate regularly, once a week, to get a whiter face.

6. Don’t Overdo It

Don’t overuse skin care or beauty products. This can make your skin unhealthy because the beauty products you buy are not necessarily suitable for your skin, especially if you have sensitive skin.

This is an explanation of various ways to make skin white naturally. For Grameds who want to know more in depth about other ways to care for skin health, you can read related books by visiting Gramedia.com. To support Grameds in broadening their knowledge, Gramedia always provides quality and original books so that Grameds has information #MoreByReading.

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Is it possible to enlarge breasts naturally without surgery?

Is it possible to enlarge breasts naturally without surgery?

Is it possible to enlarge breasts naturally without surgery?- Some people may feel more confident with fuller breasts. Some get it by surgery or other methods.

However, can natural methods really increase breast size ? If yes, what is a safe and natural way to enlarge breasts?

Breast size cannot be changed naturally

Reporting from Healthline, the short answer is that it is absolutely impossible to change breast size naturally.

Changing the size and shape of the breasts often requires surgical procedures, such as breast augmentation or implants.

The reason is, a person’s breast size is determined by a combination of genetics, hormones, body weight, lifestyle and potential life stage, such as pregnancy.

Can you enlarge your breasts without surgery?

Actually, there are only a few ways that can be done naturally, which can increase the overall size of breast or chest tissue.

That said, exercise can change the overall appearance of the pectoral muscles, which are located beneath the breast tissue.

Targeting these muscles through strength training can produce changes in chest size, strength, and density.

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QUICK AND EASY, HERE ARE 5 WAYS TO GET NATURALLY THICK EYEBROWS – Having eyebrows that look thick and neatly formed is a dream because it can make your face more pleasing to the eye. Baebellines also doesn’t take long to fill in and tidy up eyebrows, so it’s very helpful when Baebellines is busy. Until now, even though there are many forms of treatment that thicken eyebrows in beauty salons, how to get thick eyebrows using natural ingredients is still an option. What are the forms of treatment?


The eyes and eyebrows are two parts of the face that other people immediately see when looking at Baebellines’ face. So, it seems natural that many women want their eyebrows to look thicker and neatly shaped to make them look more attractive. Eyebrows are also called the frame of the face; The right thickness and shape will make the face look balanced.

The condition of the eyebrows is also said to be able to shape people’s impressions about Baebellines, you know. Naturally thick eyebrows, for example, can give the impression that the owner is a firm person, has high self-confidence, and is confident in his abilities. It is also said that people who have thick eyebrows tend to think logically and they like activities in the outdoors. Guess that’s true, right?

According to experts regarding eyebrows, the shape and thickness of the eyebrows can influence facial expressions. For example, eyebrows that are thick but too low can make Baebellines look tired and sad, while eyebrows that are high and too arched can make Baebellines look fierce. Meanwhile, eyebrow shapes that tend to be straight and not too thick are believed to make the face look young, which is why this eyebrow shape is popular with women in Korea.


Maybe Baebellines’ eyebrows are not as thick and filled in as desired, so Baebellines wants to do treatment so that the eyebrow hairs can grow more and look thicker. The good news is, this can be done, Baebellines. Just like the hair on the head, the hair on the eyebrows also experiences growth and it takes around 3-4 months for the eyebrow hair to grow to its maximum limit.

So that eyebrow hair growth can occur optimally, Baebellines can carry out treatments for thick eyebrows, both at home and in beauty salons. Home care generally uses natural ingredients or eyebrow care products sold on the market. The goal is to care for eyebrow hair follicles so that they are healthy and in ideal condition so that eyebrow hair can grow optimally. This is different from treatments at beauty clinics where the ultimate goal is to make eyebrows look thick.

Five ways to make natural thick eyebrows that Baebellines can do at home are:

Apply vegetable oil

Plant oils such as coconut oil, candlenut oil, almond oil , olive oil, and castor oil are the best natural ingredients for thick eyebrows. This plant oil not only makes eyebrow hair strands moist and strong, but also helps eyebrow growth. After applying plant oil, don’t forget to massage the skin of the eyebrow area using your fingers so that the nutrients from the oil can be properly absorbed by the skin.

Using aloe vera

If Baebellines facial skin is oily, then using plant oils should be avoided because some oils are comedogenic . As a substitute, Baebellines can use aloe vera flesh. This natural ingredient that can be used to make thick eyebrows contains vitamins and the compound aloenin which can help care for eyebrow hair while encouraging its growth.

Encourage growth with eyebrow serum

Eyebrow serum is a way to get naturally thick eyebrows that many people choose because it is practical. Eyebrow serum contains many nutrients that help eyebrow hair growth, for example peptides, antioxidants and proteins. Not only does it encourage eyebrow hair growth, this serum also prevents eyebrow hair from falling out prematurely.

Maintain cleanliness of the skin where eyebrow hair grows

Just like the skin in other areas of the face, the skin where the eyebrows grow must also be kept clean. Hair follicles are found in the pores, so if dirt and excess oil clog the pores, it can interfere with hair growth. When Baebellines exfoliates the face, it never hurts to include the skin under the eyebrows so that the pores are free from blockages.

Do proper grooming

Another way to get thick eyebrows is to groom your eyebrows. Not only does it make eyebrows neatly formed, grooming also helps ensure optimal eyebrow hair growth. Brushing eyebrow hair, for example, can help clean dirt stuck to the strands of eyebrow hair and provide a light massage to the eyebrow skin. When shaping your eyebrows, avoid plucking eyebrow hairs using a tweezer too often, because it can interfere with the growth of eyebrow hair.


While waiting for Baebellines’ eyebrows to grow, Baebellines can work around how to get thick eyebrows by using eyebrow makeup products . Maybelline has many eyebrow makeup products that Baebellines can use, there are brow pencils , brow crayons , and most recently brow gel , namely Maybelline Tattoo Brow Gel .

This brow gel helps Baebellines get naturally thick looking eyebrows and laminate them so that the appearance of thick and neat eyebrows can last a long time, even up to three days! It’s not surprising, because the formula is also waterproof , smudgeproof , sweatproof , and transferproof so it doesn’t fade when exposed to water and sweat, doesn’t shift or smudge, and doesn’t transfer when it rubs against cloth, fingers, or other objects.

Another advantage of Maybelline Tattoo Brow Gel is that the color is pigmented so it doesn’t fade even after hours, but still looks natural. This brow gel is equipped with an applicator in the form of a mini brush which has bristles of different lengths: the short bristles are for applying the product so that it sticks well to the strands of eyebrow hair, while the long bristles are for brushing the eyebrow hair so that it is shaped and looks neat. Maybelline Tattoo Brow Gel is available in three colors, namely Deep Brown , Gray Brown , and Medium Brown .

Baebellines can rely on Maybelline Tattoo Brow Gel as a way to get thick eyebrows instantly while still taking care so that eyebrow hair grows optimally. Come on, get the product on the Maybelline Indonesia website and the official Maybelline Indonesia store on your favorite marketplace/e-commerce . You can also buy Baebellines directly in supermarkets, drugstores and leading cosmetics stores.

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How to Whiten Underarm Skin Naturally

How to Whiten Underarm Skin Naturally

How to Whiten Underarm Skin Naturally – How to whiten underarm skin can be done yourself at home using natural ingredients. By doing this, your self-confidence can increase , especially when wearing sleeveless clothes.

Underarm skin color should be the same or not much different from the skin color around it. However, there are various things that can cause the color of the underarm skin to turn dark, such as shaving the underarm hair incorrectly, constant friction between the underarm skin and clothing, a buildup of dead skin cells, and exposure to chemicals from deodorants or

Apart from that, dark underarm skin can also be caused by certain medical conditions, such as acanthosis nigricans , bacterial infection ( erythrasma ), melasma, and Addison’s disease .

Even though they are covered, dark underarm colors can make sufferers feel insecure, especially when wearing sleeveless clothes. If your armpits are dark, there are several ways to whiten underarm skin naturally which are no less effective than medical procedures by a doctor.

Here’s How to Whiten Underarm Skin

If black armpits are caused by a disorder or disease, of course the cause must be treated first.

However, if dark underarms are caused by shaving errors, skin rubbing against clothing, or using skin care products on the armpits, you can apply the following methods to whiten underarm skin:

1. Lemon

Lemon is known as a natural ingredient that can be used to whiten the skin, including underarm skin. Apart from having antiseptic and antibacterial properties, the acid content in lemon can also help erode dead skin cells in the armpits.

As a way to whiten underarm skin using lemon, here are the steps you can take:

  • Slice the lemon into several pieces.
  • Gently rub the lemon sheet on the surface of the black underarm skin.
  • Leave it for 10 minutes, then rinse the underarms thoroughly with water and dry with a soft towel.
  • Repeat this method 2–3 times per week. If necessary, use moisturizer after applying lemon to prevent dry underarm skin.

2. Cucumber

Just like lemon, cucumber is also known to brighten the skin, including underarm skin. Not only brightening, cucumber can also make the skin feel fresher, soothe irritated skin, moisturize the skin, and treat inflammation in the skin.

Here’s how to whiten underarm skin using cucumber:

  • Slice the cucumber into thin sheets, then rub gently on the black underarms.
  • Leave it for a few minutes.
  • Rinse the armpit with water and dry.
  • Repeat this method every day until the desired results are obtained.

3. Turmeric

The next natural way to whiten underarm skin is to use turmeric . Apart from having a brightening effect, turmeric also has antibacterial and antioxidant properties. This plant is also known to be effective in preventing body odor. To make it easier, use turmeric extract in powder form as a way to whiten underarms naturally.

Here’s how to use turmeric to whiten underarm skin:

  • Mix ¼ turmeric powder and 2 tablespoons lemon juice in a small bowl.
  • Stir the two ingredients until the consistency is like
  • Apply the paste to the surface of the black underarm skin and let it sit for 15–30 minutes.
  • Rinse the armpit with clean water and dry.

4. Tea tree oil

The last way to whiten underarm skin is to use tea tree oil . This oil has many benefits for the skin, one of which is to whiten black underarm skin.

How to use it is quite easy, you only need to mix 8 drops of tea tree oil with 250 mL of water. Then, spray or apply the water to the surface of the black underarm skin and let it dry by itself. Repeat this method every time you finish showering.

If you have tried the natural ways to whiten underarm skin above but the results are not effective or you want to get faster results, consult a doctor to get the right treatment.

Even though it is made from natural ingredients, the method above for whitening underarm skin can also trigger an allergic reaction. So, if these various methods actually cause irritation and trigger allergic reactions, such as itching, redness and swelling, immediately rinse your armpits and check with the nearest health service to get appropriate treatment.

7 Easy Ways to Keep Your Nails Beautiful and Healthy

7 Easy Ways to Keep Your Nails Beautiful and Healthy

7 Easy Ways to Keep Your Nails Beautiful and Healthy – “Getting beautiful and healthy nails is actually easy. You just need to take care of your cuticles, avoid using chemicals, and take special supplements.”

Jakarta – Like a great new haircut or extraordinary skin care, beautiful, well-groomed nails are also an integral part of your appearance. Unfortunately, many people forget about nail care, or perhaps don’t consider it as important as other parts of the body.

Tips for Beautiful and Healthy Nails

To keep your nails beautiful and healthy, there are several tips you can try, namely:

1. Don’t Cut Cuticles

Whether at the salon or at home, never cut your cuticles when caring for your nails. The cuticle is a natural barrier to fungi and bacteria. Once you cut it, the protection will disappear.

This will not only make the cuticles look worse, it can even trigger infections in the nail bed. It is also not impossible that nails will be permanently damaged.

 2. Limit Manicure Procedures

Manicure is a very popular nail treatment. For a moment this beauty procedure may make your nails look beautiful. However, if you do it too often, it can make your nails dry and brittle. The cause is likely exposure to chemicals used during the procedure.

3. Reduce the use of acetone

Acetone is often used to remove nail polish or nail polish. Once in a while it might be okay. However, if used too often, acetone can make nails brittle and damaged.

4. Avoid using rough sandpaper

Grinding nails using an emery board may often be done to make nails beautiful and smooth. In fact, this habit is actually dangerous, lo.

Sanding nails with coarse sandpaper can lead to the appearance of small gaps and cracks, leading to damage and tears in the nails. So, if you want to sand your nails, make sure the sanding tool is not rough.

Using fine sandpaper on your nails is fine, as long as it’s done correctly. Sand the nails slowly so as not to damage the nails, and in one direction only.

5. Moisturize the Nail Base and Cuticle

To keep your nails beautiful, you can also moisturize the nail bed which will help your nails grow. It can also make cuticles look better and help protect nails from breaking due to lack of moisture.

If your nails are prone to breaking, it could be a sign that they need moisture. Applying oil around the cuticles can help moisturize the entire nail, which will reduce the incidence of cracking and splitting nails.

6. Do not wash your hands excessively

Increased awareness of hygiene during the pandemic has made many people wash their hands diligently. This is certainly a good thing. However, if it is too much, of course it will be a different story.

Not only does it have an impact on your skin, excessive hand washing can also damage your nails and make them no longer beautiful, you know. The solution is to avoid excessive hand washing and use moisturizer on the cuticle area several times a day.

When doing housework, minimize contact with harsh chemicals, including dishwashing liquid. By wearing rubber gloves whenever possible.

7. Take Biotin Supplements

As long as you eat a healthy and varied diet, you don’t need any dietary supplements to guarantee strong nails. However, people with weak nails can take biotin supplements. Biotin supplements are useful for strengthening and growing nails.

So, that’s a discussion about tips for keeping your nails beautiful and healthy. Actually, it’s quite easy to maintain healthy and beautiful nails, isn’t it?

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Try reading how to remove leg hair here

Try reading how to remove leg hair here

Try reading how to remove leg hair here – Some women may feel disturbed by the presence of leg hair because they think it can ruin their appearance. To look prettier and more confident, they also try removing leg hair. However, you need to know that how to remove leg hair should not be haphazard, you know.

Leg hair generally begins to grow when a person enters puberty . Apart from growing on the legs, fine hairs also grow in the armpits, between the lips and nose, and in the pubic area. Some women can also have thicker leg hair due to heredity or certain medical conditions, such as hirsutism .

Various Ways to Remove Leg Hair

The growth of leg hair or fine hair on certain parts of the body is actually not dangerous and is a normal condition. However, because it can interfere with their appearance, some women still choose to remove their leg hair.

If you want to remove leg hair, there are several ways you can do it, namely:

1. Using tweezers

The method of removing leg hair using tweezers can be the right choice, if you only want to remove a few leg hairs.

For those of you who want to apply this method of removing leg hair, make sure the tweezers used have been properly sterilized. This is important to prevent skin infections.

2. Shave your legs

Shaving is one of the most common and easy ways to remove leg hair. However, this effect usually only lasts for a while, because the leg hair can grow back. The most effective technique is to shave in the direction of hair growth.

To get better results, you are advised to shave your legs regularly. Do it carefully. This is because this method of removing leg hair can cause hair to grow under the skin and inflammation of the hair follicles or folliculitis .

So that your leg hair can be shaved well and smoothly, you are advised to follow 2 tips. First, wet and rub soap or shaving cream on the area to be shaved. Second, don’t forget to clean and replace the razor regularly.

3. Use leg hair removal cream

Leg hair can also be removed with cream or lotion which can be purchased freely at pharmacies. The chemical content in depilation cream can break down the protein in the feathers.

After applying it to the skin and waiting for a while, the hair will fall out when rubbed. Make sure you follow the instructions for use on the cream you use.

4. Using waxing techniques or removing feathers with wax

Before waxing , you should let your leg hair lengthen slightly, at least 6-7 mm and make sure the area to be waxed is clean and dry.

The waxing procedure can be done using hot wax or cold wax. First, wax is applied to the surface of the skin in the direction of hair growth, then a cloth plaster is placed on top and the cloth is left for 2-3 seconds.

When the plaster is removed, the hairs that are attached to the wax will be removed. If your skin feels sore after removing the plaster, try compressing the skin with cold water and applying moisturizer. Waxing usually needs to be repeated every few weeks.

5. Using an epilator

An epilator is a tool similar to an electric razor. This tool is equipped with a head with rotating tweezers to remove the roots of leg hair. How to remove leg hair with an epilator can generally last longer, up to about a month.

For maximum results, you are advised to exfoliate or exfoliate your skin for a few days before using the epilator. This can also prevent ingrown leg hair or folliculitis.

6. Through an electrolysis procedure

In this procedure, a very flat needle is inserted into the hair follicle to introduce chemicals or electrical energy that can remove the hair permanently. The method of removing leg hair using electrolysis usually needs to be repeated every 1-2 weeks until most of the hair is gone.

Although it can be painful, this procedure is usually safe and effective if performed by a competent esthetician or doctor. The electrolysis procedure usually does not cause side effects, but some people may experience temporary redness and soreness of the skin.

7. Through laser and intense pulsed light (IPL) procedures

In this procedure, a laser beam or IPL will be shot into a specific area and absorbed by the pigment in the hair follicles under the skin to destroy the hair. Although considered quite effective, this procedure can be quite expensive and requires 4-6 treatments every 6-12 months.

If not carried out by a competent expert, laser or IPL procedures have the risk of causing skin irritation or changes in skin pigment. Even so, this method has several advantages that are worth considering, including:

It is quite effective for removing leg hair because it can target and kill hair from the roots
Faster because it can cover a wider area in one shot
Leg hair disappears permanently after 3–7 treatments, so no need for repeated procedures

8. Using drugs

If the various ways to remove leg hair above don’t help, you can ask your doctor for advice to give you medication that can inhibit the growth of leg hair.

Usually, the use of leg hair inhibiting medication is necessary when the hair grows thicker due to the influence of hormones, such as during menopause or in polycystic ovary syndrome .

How to remove leg hair yourself or using treatment services at salons and clinics can be an option. However, you also have to think about the risks that might arise and the costs of doing this method of removing leg hair.

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Here’s How to Remove Armpit Hair Permanently

Here's How to Remove Armpit Hair Permanently

Here’s How to Remove Armpit Hair Permanently – “There are several ways to permanently remove armpit hair that can be done. Some of these are electrolysis and laser methods.”

Jakarta – Many women want their armpit hair to disappear completely permanently. Because, some women feel embarrassed if they appear to have armpit hair, especially when wearing open clothes. Therefore, you need to know how to remove armpit hair permanently. For more details, read the following review!

Various effective ways to permanently remove armpit hair

Many women choose to shave the hair on the surface of the body. In fact, this makes body hair grow back quickly, including armpit hair. Therefore, you need to know how to remove armpit hair permanently. That way, there will be no more hair growth in the armpits in the future.

So, here are several ways to remove armpit hair permanently, namely:

1. Electrolysis

One way to permanently remove armpit hair is with the electrolysis method. This method is done by using short wave radio frequencies which are distributed with a fine needle to the hair follicles. This aims to destroy hair follicles so that stimulation of new hair growth does not occur.

This method has been considered a permanent solution by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). For maximum results, this method requires several appointments. Apart from that, the price is quite draining, namely in the range of IDR 400,000 to IDR 1,200,000 per session. Each person needs a different number of sessions to get permanent results.

2. Laser Method

Laser hair removal can also be used as a way to permanently remove underarm hair. This treatment also targets damaged hair follicles to stop new hair growth. This method also requires several sessions to get maximum results.

The area of ​​hair you wish to remove may influence how many sessions are required. You may need 4-6 treatments four to eight weeks apart. The costs may be around IDR 400,000. However, there is no guarantee that this method can eliminate it permanently.

3. Prescription Cream

If you don’t feel like using the previous two methods, try asking your doctor about a prescription cream. You can apply it twice a day for one month. This cream can remove unwanted body hair.

Spread the cream all over the area and wait for three minutes. After that, wash off the cream under the shower and the hair on the armpits will also disappear. However, this cream does not affect hair growth or follicles because it does not penetrate the skin. Underarms will be smooth for a week before regrowth occurs.

So, those are some ways you can permanently remove armpit hair. You can choose one of these methods to make your armpits smoother without having to be afraid of wearing minimalist clothes or when you want to go to the beach. However, also ask about the side effects of this method and its safety for you.

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4 Habits to Lose and Maintain Ideal Weight

4 Habits to Lose and Maintain Ideal Weight

4 Habits to Lose and Maintain Ideal Weight – To lose and maintain ideal body weight, you need healthy lifestyle changes. Deliberately not eating until you are hungry or overdoing it when exercising will never be a healthy lifestyle for losing weight .

Steps to lose weight and keep your body healthy and fit must be balanced. If not, the ideal body weight that you may have achieved will not last long. You will only make short-term changes. You should be able to lose weight and keep it off without it having to shock or interrupt your daily life.

The following are 4 healthy ways to help you lose the ideal weight but still be healthy in the long term.

Healthy habits to maintain ideal body weight

1. Exercise every day

Create a regular schedule of around 15-20 minutes of exercise every day. You can do cardio exercise such as jogging, swimming or strength training such as lifting small barbells.

To do this, please wake up 20 minutes earlier than your daily wake-up schedule. Start doing it regularly, at least 4-5 times a week.

You can also lose weight simply by doing exercises such as knee bends, push ups, sit ups and other exercises that you can do before taking a shower in the morning.

Daily exercise can make a difference in your figure and the way your body processes calories. When you exercise, you use your heart, mind and body, this can also make your mood better throughout the day.

Because when you exercise, your body releases endorphins which make you happy and refresh your mind, so you can start the day well.

2. Eat healthy food

Eating healthy food is the most important way to lose and maintain ideal body weight. Nobody gets fat from eating vegetables. Avoid eating foods that contain a lot of sugar, processed foods and ready-to-eat foods.

3. Don’t intentionally not eat

To lose weight, don’t deliberately not eat. Your body needs energy to burn fat. So by skipping breakfast, lunch or dinner, your body’s metabolism will actually slow down.

Eat on a regular schedule throughout the day, because this can normalize blood sugar levels and prevent a decrease in your daily energy and concentration. Apart from that, a breakfast with low glycemic content can also improve the energy burning system and help burn fat in your body.

4. Get enough sleep

Getting enough sleep is one of the most important things to stay healthy. Try to go to bed at the same time every day. Get 8 hours of quality sleep every day. Lack of sleep tends to make you eat more and crave unhealthy food in the morning.

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Tips for Removing Warts on the Face

Tips for Removing Warts on the Face

Tips for Removing Warts on the Face – Jakarta – Having warts on the face is actually not dangerous. However, its presence often interferes with appearance and reduces self-confidence. That is why, many people want to remove warts on the face and try various methods.

Talking about removing warts, one drug that is often used is salicylic acid. However, this drug is not suitable for removing warts on the face, because it can irritate the skin. So, what can be done?

Natural Ways to Remove Warts on the Face

There are several natural ways to remove warts on the face that you can try, namely:

1. Garlic

Garlic contains allicin which has antiviral properties. That is why garlic is believed to be able to fight the HPV virus which causes warts on the face. To use it, you can crush the garlic, then rub it on the wart, and let it sit for 15 minutes.

However, garlic can cause skin irritation. So, if you experience stinging, itching, or tingling on your skin after using this ingredient, wash it immediately with water.

2. Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is also believed to be a natural ingredient for removing warts on the face. This is because apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid which has antiviral properties, so it can eradicate the virus that causes warts. Apart from that, acetic acid is also believed to be able to remove excess skin tissue on the face.

To remove warts on the face with apple cider vinegar, mix two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar in half a glass of water, then dip a cotton ball and apply it to the wart. Cover the cotton with a bandage and leave it overnight.

3. Pineapple juice

Pineapple extract or juice contains solvent enzymes and acids which can destroy wart tissue on the face. To use it, simply apply pineapple juice to the warts regularly. However, there is no clinical evidence to support the effectiveness of pineapple juice for removing warts.

4. Lemon Juice

It tastes sour and refreshing, who would have thought that lemon juice could also be an ingredient for removing warts on the face. Yes, this is because of the citric acid content in lemon juice, which is believed to kill the virus that causes warts. To use it, you only need to rub lemon juice on the warts regularly.

Medical Procedures to Remove Warts

After knowing what natural ingredients can be used to remove warts on the face, of course it wouldn’t be complete if we didn’t discuss what medical treatment options can be taken. Moreover, the various natural ingredients for removing warts that have been described are not necessarily suitable for everyone, especially those with sensitive skin.

If the wart doesn’t go away even though you have tried various methods, you should make an appointment with a dermatologist at the hospital via the Halodoc application . The doctor may recommend several treatments or medical procedures to treat warts, depending on the condition you are experiencing.

  • The following are several medical treatment options that are commonly used to remove warts:
  • Cantharidin. Cantharidin is an ingredient that can cause chemical burns. The doctor may use cantharidin or a mixture of this chemical with other ingredients to coat the wart, and form a blister beneath it, so that the wart can be removed afterwards.
  • Cryotherapy. This treatment is known as cryosurgery. The doctor injects or applies liquid nitrogen to the wart, and freezes it. The process may need to be done several times over two to three weeks.
  • Removal surgery. This procedure is often used to remove filiform warts. The doctor will use a scalpel to cut the wart. Sometimes, more than one treatment is needed.
  • Electrosurgery and curettage. This procedure combines burning of the wart through electrocauterization and scraping off the wart.

That’s a brief explanation of the various ways to remove warts on the face. Discuss further with your doctor about which treatment is most appropriate to do.

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