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Pimple –

How to Prevent Blackheads from Disturbing Your Appearance

How to Prevent Blackheads from Disturbing Your Appearance

How to Prevent Blackheads from Disturbing Your Appearance – The appearance of blackheads can disrupt your appearance and reduce your self-confidence. Is there a way to prevent blackheads from causing this? Check here! Blackheads occur due to blockage of oil glands and inflammation. There are two types of blackheads, namely closed comedones (look like white dots) and open comedones (look like black dots).

Whiteheads form because the skin pores are accumulated by dead skin cells, sebum, bacteria and follicles. This type of blackhead is usually triggered by excess oil production in the skin, the habit of using cosmetics, or exposure to other chemicals.

Meanwhile, blackheads have a dark color because their surface is not covered with skin. Therefore, the part is exposed to air so that it oxidizes. Blackheads can occur due to not maintaining cleanliness and stress.  Why do blackheads often appear on the nose? This is because the nose skin area has larger pores and quite a lot of oil glands compared to other skin areas.

Blackheads can happen to anyone, and these complaints usually appear on the face, back, chest or shoulders.  So, how do you effectively prevent blackheads ? Below are tips you can follow:

1. Use a moisturizer that suits your facial skin

The first way to prevent blackheads from appearing is to use moisturizer.  Blackheads are often experienced by people who have oily skin types. Well , excess oil production often occurs due to inappropriate use of moisturizer.

To prevent blackheads from appearing again, you should use a moisturizer that is oil free and labeled non-comedogenic . Using these products is important, especially if your skin is oily.

2. Wash your face regularly

Being lazy about cleaning your face after doing activities all day makes dust, dirt and pollution easily accumulate on your face. This situation can increase the risk of blackheads and even acne.

To prevent this from happening, you need to clean your face at least twice a day using care products that suit your skin type.

3. Avoid using thick cosmetics

Blockages in skin pores can occur due to the use of cosmetics that are excessive or too thick, especially if your skin is oily.  So, the way to prevent blackheads from appearing again is to avoid  excessive  use of cosmetics, including foundation  and  compact powder.

You should also not use these products every day, so as not to cause blockages in the pores.

4. Adopt a Low Fat and Carbohydrate Diet

The influence of food intake on  acne  and blackheads is still individual, meaning it varies from person to person.

However, it is known that consuming foods low in carbohydrates and fat can improve hormonal control in the body. This can ultimately reduce the risk of acne and blackheads appearing.

5. Avoid alcohol and cigarettes

The next way to prevent blackheads on the face is to avoid alcohol and cigarettes.  The reason is, these two things can trigger excess oil production on the face, thereby increasing the chance of blackheads and acne appearing.

Not only that, alcohol and cigarettes can also put you at greater risk of premature aging, you know.

6. Don’t squeeze blackheads

Squeezing blackheads, especially with unsterile hands or tools, can increase the risk of inflammation.

This action can also cause infection which makes complaints worse.

7. Exfoliate your face

Facial exfoliation can be a way to avoid blackheads that you can try.

Exfoliation is done to clean dead skin cells from the surface of the skin. This can help brighten the face and optimize the absorption of the skin care products used.  You can exfoliate in a simple way, for example using a facial scrub  when washing your face.

Even so, exfoliation should not be done excessively. Do it only 1‒2 times a week. For facial skin that is inflamed or has active acne, exfoliation should be avoided. You should consult a doctor first.

8. Use sunscreen

Sunscreen will not trigger the appearance of acne or blackheads. This product is actually able to protect the skin from the negative effects of sun exposure. If your skin is oily, it is highly recommended to choose a sunscreen product that says non-comedogenic . This product contains ingredients that do not clog pores.

In addition, avoid using sunscreen for the body on the face area. Sunscreen for the body tends to have a thicker and oilier consistency, so it is not suitable for use on the face.

9. Wear clothes that are not too tight

Clothes that are too tight can cause sweat to be trapped. This makes sweat easily mix with oil and bacteria, thus triggering the appearance of blackheads.

As a solution, wear loose clothing and material that absorbs sweat when working. This way, your skin can breathe more easily so blackheads and acne can be avoided.

10. Get enough rest

Stress can trigger the oil glands to be more active, thereby increasing the risk of blackheads appearing.  You need to get enough rest by sleeping at least 7‒8 hours every night. You are also advised to exercise to prevent blackheads from appearing in the future.

These are some ways to prevent blackheads that you can try. From now on, avoid factors that trigger blackheads and take care of your skin as best as possible.

Immediately stop using certain products that cause skin irritation, acne, redness and pain.  If you need help or have questions about blackheads and other skin problems, don’t hesitate to consult via the ask a doctor service on 24-hour Live Chat or the KlikDokter application .

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Understanding Acne

Acne is a common skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become blocked. Sebum, an oil that helps keep skin from drying out, and dead skin cells can clog pores.

This causes inflammation which is characterized by the appearance of small lumps which are sometimes filled with pus on the skin.

This skin disorder can occur in parts of the body with the most oil glands, namely the face, neck, upper chest and back. These lumps are called acne.

Causes of Acne

Several conditions that trigger the emergence of this condition include:

  • Excessive production of sebum, which is a substance produced by oil glands to prevent dry skin.
  • Blockage of hair follicles by a mixture of dead skin cells and sebum.
  • Propionibacterium acnes bacteria that grow, clog hair follicles and cause inflammation.
  • Genetic or hereditary factors. You can experience this if one of your parents has acne problems.
  • Blocked follicles can swell and form whiteheads or blackheads if exposed to outside air. This condition should not be taken lightly. Because, it can develop into pustules, papules, nodules, or even cysts, if contaminated by skin bacteria.
  • Hormones, namely when there is excessive androgen hormone activity or when hormonal changes occur during menstruation.
  • The use of cosmetics is not always suitable for everyone’s skin.
  • Stress affects a person’s lifestyle, including diet, which can trigger acne.

Acne Risk Factors

The emergence of this problem can also be influenced by the following risk factors:

  • Skin friction with objects, for example acne on the face due to wearing a head covering too often, acne on the neck due to wearing clothes that are too tight at the collar, or acne on the back due to frequently using a backpack.
  • Smoking habit.
  • Heredity, if there are family members who have problems with this skin problem.
  • Take medications containing lithium, corticosteroids, or anti-seizure medications.
  • Puberty occurs due to increased activity of the testosterone hormone which triggers the oil glands to produce sebum in greater amounts.
    Cosmetic use.
  • Hormonal changes, for example before menstruation, the first three months of pregnancy, or due to PCOS .
  • Stress, has the potential to worsen existing conditions.

Apart from the risk factors above, be careful, this can trigger the appearance of acne on the face .

Acne Symptoms

The characteristics of acne are the appearance of several general symptoms, such as:

  • The lump is reddish or yellow (because it contains pus).
  • Small bumps (papules) that appear on the skin.
  • A hot or burning sensation due to inflammation.
  • There is an itchy feeling on the lump.

This condition is also prone to inflammation if you touch it frequently or even break it by force.

Conditions that experience inflammation are prone to the following conditions:

  • Pustules, which are small lumps that have pus at the end.
  • Papules, which are small reddish lumps that feel painful.
  • Nodules , which are hard lumps that form under the surface of the skin and can be painful.
  • Cysts, which are large lumps that form under the surface of the skin, are filled with pus and are painful.

Acne Diagnosis

There is no special examination to confirm acne. To diagnose acne, a dermatologist will perform a physical examination. It involves examining the face, chest, or back for various types of acne. Examples include blackheads or painful red nodules.

The doctor will also ask about your health condition, menstrual cycle, and habits that you often do. The doctor will also ask about the type and diet you follow.

This examination aims to determine the level of severity, both in terms of amount and level of inflammation. The severity of acne can be divided into:

  • Mild, mostly whiteheads and blackheads, with a few papules and pustules.
  • Moderate, whiteheads and blackheads are more extensive, with many papules and pustules.
  • Severe, many large and painful papules, pustules, nodules or cysts; You may also have some scar tissue.

If the acne you are experiencing is mild, usually the doctor will immediately provide appropriate treatment. However, if the condition is moderate to severe, further examination can be carried out.

The doctor can take a sample to determine the cause of the acne. Apart from that, imaging tests can also be done if the doctor indicates the presence of a cyst or tumor.

Acne Treatment

There are several steps you can take to cure acne, including:

Reduce oil production.
Fights bacterial infections.
Accelerates skin cell turnover and reduces inflammation.

To get the right treatment, first discuss the skin problem with a dermatologist via the Halodoc application.✔️

These medical experts generally prescribe drugs containing sulfur, resorcinol, salicylic acid, antibiotics and isotretinoin.

The use of medication must be under the supervision of a doctor, because side effects can occur.

Pregnant women should also not use isotretinoin, because it can cause defects in the fetus.

Some other efforts you can take to treat acne include:

  • Clean cosmetic equipment using soap and warm water regularly.
  • Choose non-comedogenic cosmetics , which do not close the pores on the skin.
  • Use a non-comedogenic moisturizer , which cannot cause acne and is suitable for your skin type.
  • Avoid squeezing and holding pimples, because they can make them multiply.
  • Avoid rubbing your face using cloth or gloves with a rough surface.
  • Maintain body hygiene by showering immediately after activities,
  • because excess oil on the face can trigger acne.
  • Maintain facial cleanliness by cleansing your face twice a day, to remove dead skin cells, excess oil, and remaining cosmetics on the surface of the skin.

Acne Complications

The following are some acne complications that are at risk of occurring, namely:

1. Acne scars

The most common complication is scarring or acne scars, also known as pockmarks.

Any type of acne can cause scarring, but it occurs more often when the most severe types (nodules and cysts) burst and damage the surrounding skin.

There are three main types of acne scars that can occur as complications, namely:

  • Ice pick scars , the smallest type of pockmark, are less than 2 millimeters in diameter. However, this scar is quite deep and concave with a shape resembling the letter “V”.
  • Rolling scars occur due to scar tissue that forms under the skin, making the surface of the skin appear rolled and uneven.
  • Boxcar scars , round or oval depressions, or craters in the skin.

If you experience the complications above, here are some tips to overcome them: Here’s How to Get Rid of Blackened Acne Scars .

2. Changes in skin color

Acne can also cause discoloration of the skin. When inflamed acne has improved, this condition can cause a darker to lighter skin color.

3. Skin infections

It’s best to avoid the habit of squeezing pimples. This habit can trigger skin infections. Popping and squeezing pimples makes it easier for bacteria and germs to enter the skin. This condition can cause severe inflammation and infection.

How to Prevent Acne

There are several tips you can try to prevent this skin problem from occurring, namely:

1. Clean your face regularly

Acne can appear anywhere, but acne more often appears on the face. So, to prevent this, you can regularly clean or wash your face properly.

Make sure you use a cleanser that is sulfate-free and fragrance-free. The most important thing, don’t wash your face too often. Clean your face twice a day.

2. Hydrate your body well

When the body is dehydrated, this condition can signal the oil glands to produce excess oil. Dehydration can also cause skin to become duller.

To keep your body well hydrated, make sure you drink water at least eight times a day. It is best to consume more water after exercising, during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and in a hot environment.

3. Limit the use of facial makeup

Using makeup or facial makeup is very appropriate for making your face fresher. However, limit use and know the contents contained in it.

Excessive use of facial makeup can clog pores, causing acne to appear. If you have acne, you should limit the use of make up temporarily to prevent inflammation.

4. Avoid touching your face carelessly

Sometimes you accidentally touch your face using hands that are still dirty. It’s best to avoid this habit from now on and always keep your hands clean.

Dirty hands can be a way for germs or bacteria to reach the face. This can increase the risk of acne appearing on facial skin.

5. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight

Too frequent direct exposure to sunlight can make the skin dehydrated. This condition can cause the skin to produce excess oil and clog pores. This condition can trigger the appearance of acne.

6. Be careful in choosing the shampoo product you use

The use of shampoo products can also have an impact on the facial susceptibility to acne. Why is that? Using perfume, oil, pomade, or gel on your hair, if it gets on your face, can clog your skin pores and irritate it.

Use gentle shampoo and conditioner. Oily hair can also add oil to your face. If you have long hair, make sure it doesn’t touch your face.

7. Healthy eating patterns

What you eat will affect your skin health. Avoid oily food and junk food . Instead, add fresh fruit, vegetables and whole grains to your daily diet. Dairy products and foods high in processed sugar can trigger acne.

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